What’s the MAC address of the device you are viewing this from? The IP Address? What’s your name? The easiest of all those to remember is your name, mine is PNC for short. PROFINET device names are used for the same reasons. Wouldn’t it be great if your automation devices had names that included information about what they were and where they were located? And you didn’t have to worry about MAC addresses and IP addresses PROFINET does that! And so does Information Technology (IT), so it’s really nothing new and we use similar naming conventions explained in our next lesson.
PROFINET Device Names
For a PROFINET project the names are required and the IP addresses get assigned automatically by the controller. This provides for a couple neat benefits. One, you can replace a device with no tools or computers. Two, you can input the topology and names in a new project, connect the network, and all devices get their name (and then their IP address).
There are two protocols that enable this:
- Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP), a standard IT protocol that PROFINET devices must support
- Discovery and basic Configuration Protocol (DCP), a PROFINET standard for assigning IP addresses based on device name
Here is a video demo and explanation: