Intermediate


Automation Controllers

There are three types of controllers used in industrial automation: PLCs, DCSs, and PACs. In PROFINET terminology any of these are called a controller and any can be used on a PROFINET network. Each have their pros and cons.


HMI Introduction

There is often some confusion when engineers begin to use Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs) and PROFINET, so in the next series of lessons we will explain how HMIs are typically used in PROFINET systems and describe the types of HMIs and application protocols available.


Networks

PROFINET networks connect PROFINET controllers and devices in an automation network. But there are other networks used in automation – some competitive to PROFINET and others complementary. PROFINET is an Industrial Ethernet protocol, often times used for more than just automation.


PROFINET of Things: Data Access

PROFINET is foundational to the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) which lies in the overlap of the Internet of Things (IoT) and Industrie 4.0. There are differences between IoT and IIoT. These next three lessons will extend that into the PROFINET of Things.


PROFINET of Things: Uptime

Uptime is critical to fully realizing the mission critical and professional services characteristics expected of industrial networks. Diagnostics provide a means of recovering from downtime quickly. Fault tolerance eliminate downtime altogether through various methods.


PROFINET of Things: Openness

A major driving force of the Industrial Internet of Things and Industrie 4.0 is the reliance on open standards. PROFINET devices are manufactured according to the PROFINET specification (IEC 61158). PROFINET is Ethernet, IEEE 802.3. Many other standards also come into play – standards from IEC, IEEE, NAMUR, and IETF.


Components: Device, Controller, Supervisor

A PROFINET network can be a complex collection of stations, from digital I/O devices to pneumatic actuators to laser scanners… the list seems endless and grows every day. But within that complex network, all PROFINET components operate within three different roles. They can be either Devices, Controllers, or Supervisors.


Isochronous Real-Time (IRT) Communication

When you mention the words “real-time” and “Ethernet” in the same sentence, let alone next to each other, you get some incredulous looks.  Ethernet, by definition, is an open network that allows anyone to transmit at any time – making it a probabilistic transmission medium.  Unless there’s abnormally high bandwidth utilization, Ethernet is built on the assumption that nodes will probably […]


DCP – Discovery and Configuration Protocol

PROFINET DCP is part of the protocol suite and stands for “Discovery and basic Configuration Protocol”. It is used by the engineering tool and controller to discover devices, identify device information, and configure device settings such as PROFINET device name and IP address on a PROFINET network.


PROFINET DCP and DHCP

We often get the question: Why doesn’t PROFINET use Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) for IP address assignment as DCHP is used extensively in the office? Answer: DHCP could be used, optionally, but there are some differences you should know between DHCP and PROFINET DCP.


PROFINET Naming Convention

The number one rule-of-thumb, which you should never forget when commissioning a PROFINET system: make sure to assign the device name from your engineering tool (or setup auto commissioning). Here is the PROFINET Naming Convention list to help you out.


PROFINET Naming Conversions

In our last article on PROFINET naming conventions, we gave you the basis naming conventions and the network representation of the PROFINET device names.  However it should be pointed out that PROFINET devices can be named just about anything in the engineering tools as the name will be converted automatically by the PROFINET tool into a network representative format using PROFINET naming conversions.  […]